Sir. Winston Churchill

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill (Woodstock, 30 November 1874 – London, 24 January 1965) was a British politician, historian, journalist and military.He was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955. He was also a member of Parliament from 1900 to 1922 and from 1924 to 1964, representing five different colleges during his career. As prime minister, he is known to have led the United Kingdom to victory in World War II; he was also leader of the Conservative Party for fifteen years, from 1940 to 1955.Excluded from government positions during the 1930s, Churchill became one of the most critical voices regarding Nazi Germany, leading the campaign for rearmament. At the outbreak of World War II he again became the first lord of the admiralty, but following the resignation of Neville Chamberlain in May 1940 he was appointed prime minister. His speeches and radio broadcasts were decisive in supporting the resistance of the United Kingdom, especially in the difficult two-year period 1940-1941 when the Commonwealth and the British Empire found themselves facing the Nazi threat alone. Churchill then led the United Kingdom during the entire conflict and in the months following the German surrender.Following the defeat of the conservatives in the 1945 elections, Churchill became opposition leaders while maintaining great international prestige; in 1946 he pronounced Fulton the famous speech on the “iron curtain”, which conventionally marks the beginning of the cold war. Re-elected prime minister in 1951, his second term was dominated by foreign policy problems such as the communist uprising in Malaysia, the Mau-Mau uprising in Kenya, the Korean war and the Iranian coup d’état of 1953. Churchill resigned from office in 1955, remaining however a parliamentarian until 1964. At his death Queen Elizabeth granted him the honors of the state funeral, in which a large number of statesmen participated.For the activity of historian and writer carried out throughout his life he also received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1953. A leading figure in British and international political affairs for over fifty years, Churchill is among the most significant figures of the 20th century. century. His memory remains the object of praise and criticism and the debate around his complex legacy remains on.